/** * REST API: WP_REST_Users_Controller class * * @package WordPress * @subpackage REST_API * @since 4.7.0 */ /** * Core class used to manage users via the REST API. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @see WP_REST_Controller */ class WP_REST_Users_Controller extends WP_REST_Controller { /** * Instance of a user meta fields object. * * @since 4.7.0 * @var WP_REST_User_Meta_Fields */ protected $meta; /** * Constructor. * * @since 4.7.0 */ public function __construct() { $this->namespace = 'wp/v2'; $this->rest_base = 'users'; $this->meta = new WP_REST_User_Meta_Fields(); } /** * Registers the routes for users. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @see register_rest_route() */ public function register_routes() { register_rest_route( $this->namespace, '/' . $this->rest_base, array( array( 'methods' => WP_REST_Server::READABLE, 'callback' => array( $this, 'get_items' ), 'permission_callback' => array( $this, 'get_items_permissions_check' ), 'args' => $this->get_collection_params(), ), array( 'methods' => WP_REST_Server::CREATABLE, 'callback' => array( $this, 'create_item' ), 'permission_callback' => array( $this, 'create_item_permissions_check' ), 'args' => $this->get_endpoint_args_for_item_schema( WP_REST_Server::CREATABLE ), ), 'schema' => array( $this, 'get_public_item_schema' ), ) ); register_rest_route( $this->namespace, '/' . $this->rest_base . '/(?P[\d]+)', array( 'args' => array( 'id' => array( 'description' => __( 'Unique identifier for the user.' ), 'type' => 'integer', ), ), array( 'methods' => WP_REST_Server::READABLE, 'callback' => array( $this, 'get_item' ), 'permission_callback' => array( $this, 'get_item_permissions_check' ), 'args' => array( 'context' => $this->get_context_param( array( 'default' => 'view' ) ), ), ), array( 'methods' => WP_REST_Server::EDITABLE, 'callback' => array( $this, 'update_item' ), 'permission_callback' => array( $this, 'update_item_permissions_check' ), 'args' => $this->get_endpoint_args_for_item_schema( WP_REST_Server::EDITABLE ), ), array( 'methods' => WP_REST_Server::DELETABLE, 'callback' => array( $this, 'delete_item' ), 'permission_callback' => array( $this, 'delete_item_permissions_check' ), 'args' => array( 'force' => array( 'type' => 'boolean', 'default' => false, 'description' => __( 'Required to be true, as users do not support trashing.' ), ), 'reassign' => array( 'type' => 'integer', 'description' => __( 'Reassign the deleted user\'s posts and links to this user ID.' ), 'required' => true, 'sanitize_callback' => array( $this, 'check_reassign' ), ), ), ), 'schema' => array( $this, 'get_public_item_schema' ), ) ); register_rest_route( $this->namespace, '/' . $this->rest_base . '/me', array( array( 'methods' => WP_REST_Server::READABLE, 'permission_callback' => '__return_true', 'callback' => array( $this, 'get_current_item' ), 'args' => array( 'context' => $this->get_context_param( array( 'default' => 'view' ) ), ), ), array( 'methods' => WP_REST_Server::EDITABLE, 'callback' => array( $this, 'update_current_item' ), 'permission_callback' => array( $this, 'update_current_item_permissions_check' ), 'args' => $this->get_endpoint_args_for_item_schema( WP_REST_Server::EDITABLE ), ), array( 'methods' => WP_REST_Server::DELETABLE, 'callback' => array( $this, 'delete_current_item' ), 'permission_callback' => array( $this, 'delete_current_item_permissions_check' ), 'args' => array( 'force' => array( 'type' => 'boolean', 'default' => false, 'description' => __( 'Required to be true, as users do not support trashing.' ), ), 'reassign' => array( 'type' => 'integer', 'description' => __( 'Reassign the deleted user\'s posts and links to this user ID.' ), 'required' => true, 'sanitize_callback' => array( $this, 'check_reassign' ), ), ), ), 'schema' => array( $this, 'get_public_item_schema' ), ) ); } /** * Checks for a valid value for the reassign parameter when deleting users. * * The value can be an integer, 'false', false, or ''. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @param int|bool $value The value passed to the reassign parameter. * @param WP_REST_Request $request Full details about the request. * @param string $param The parameter that is being sanitized. * @return int|bool|WP_Error */ public function check_reassign( $value, $request, $param ) { if ( is_numeric( $value ) ) { return $value; } if ( empty( $value ) || false === $value || 'false' === $value ) { return false; } return new WP_Error( 'rest_invalid_param', __( 'Invalid user parameter(s).' ), array( 'status' => 400 ) ); } /** * Permissions check for getting all users. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @param WP_REST_Request $request Full details about the request. * @return true|WP_Error True if the request has read access, otherwise WP_Error object. */ public function get_items_permissions_check( $request ) { // Check if roles is specified in GET request and if user can list users. if ( ! empty( $request['roles'] ) && ! current_user_can( 'list_users' ) ) { return new WP_Error( 'rest_user_cannot_view', __( 'Sorry, you are not allowed to filter users by role.' ), array( 'status' => rest_authorization_required_code() ) ); } // Check if capabilities is specified in GET request and if user can list users. if ( ! empty( $request['capabilities'] ) && ! current_user_can( 'list_users' ) ) { return new WP_Error( 'rest_user_cannot_view', __( 'Sorry, you are not allowed to filter users by capability.' ), array( 'status' => rest_authorization_required_code() ) ); } if ( 'edit' === $request['context'] && ! current_user_can( 'list_users' ) ) { return new WP_Error( 'rest_forbidden_context', __( 'Sorry, you are not allowed to list users.' ), array( 'status' => rest_authorization_required_code() ) ); } if ( in_array( $request['orderby'], array( 'email', 'registered_date' ), true ) && ! current_user_can( 'list_users' ) ) { return new WP_Error( 'rest_forbidden_orderby', __( 'Sorry, you are not allowed to order users by this parameter.' ), array( 'status' => rest_authorization_required_code() ) ); } if ( 'authors' === $request['who'] ) { $types = get_post_types( array( 'show_in_rest' => true ), 'objects' ); foreach ( $types as $type ) { if ( post_type_supports( $type->name, 'author' ) && current_user_can( $type->cap->edit_posts ) ) { return true; } } return new WP_Error( 'rest_forbidden_who', __( 'Sorry, you are not allowed to query users by this parameter.' ), array( 'status' => rest_authorization_required_code() ) ); } return true; } /** * Retrieves all users. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @param WP_REST_Request $request Full details about the request. * @return WP_REST_Response|WP_Error Response object on success, or WP_Error object on failure. */ public function get_items( $request ) { // Retrieve the list of registered collection query parameters. $registered = $this->get_collection_params(); /* * This array defines mappings between public API query parameters whose * values are accepted as-passed, and their internal WP_Query parameter * name equivalents (some are the same). Only values which are also * present in $registered will be set. */ $parameter_mappings = array( 'exclude' => 'exclude', 'include' => 'include', 'order' => 'order', 'per_page' => 'number', 'search' => 'search', 'roles' => 'role__in', 'capabilities' => 'capability__in', 'slug' => 'nicename__in', ); $prepared_args = array(); /* * For each known parameter which is both registered and present in the request, * set the parameter's value on the query $prepared_args. */ foreach ( $parameter_mappings as $api_param => $wp_param ) { if ( isset( $registered[ $api_param ], $request[ $api_param ] ) ) { $prepared_args[ $wp_param ] = $request[ $api_param ]; } } if ( isset( $registered['offset'] ) && ! empty( $request['offset'] ) ) { $prepared_args['offset'] = $request['offset']; } else { $prepared_args['offset'] = ( $request['page'] - 1 ) * $prepared_args['number']; } if ( isset( $registered['orderby'] ) ) { $orderby_possibles = array( 'id' => 'ID', 'include' => 'include', 'name' => 'display_name', 'registered_date' => 'registered', 'slug' => 'user_nicename', 'include_slugs' => 'nicename__in', 'email' => 'user_email', 'url' => 'user_url', ); $prepared_args['orderby'] = $orderby_possibles[ $request['orderby'] ]; } if ( isset( $registered['who'] ) && ! empty( $request['who'] ) && 'authors' === $request['who'] ) { $prepared_args['who'] = 'authors'; } elseif ( ! current_user_can( 'list_users' ) ) { $prepared_args['has_published_posts'] = get_post_types( array( 'show_in_rest' => true ), 'names' ); } if ( ! empty( $request['has_published_posts'] ) ) { $prepared_args['has_published_posts'] = ( true === $request['has_published_posts'] ) ? get_post_types( array( 'show_in_rest' => true ), 'names' ) : (array) $request['has_published_posts']; } if ( ! empty( $prepared_args['search'] ) ) { if ( ! current_user_can( 'list_users' ) ) { $prepared_args['search_columns'] = array( 'ID', 'user_login', 'user_nicename', 'display_name' ); } $prepared_args['search'] = '*' . $prepared_args['search'] . '*'; } /** * Filters WP_User_Query arguments when querying users via the REST API. * * @link https://developer.wordpress.org/reference/classes/wp_user_query/ * * @since 4.7.0 * * @param array $prepared_args Array of arguments for WP_User_Query. * @param WP_REST_Request $request The REST API request. */ $prepared_args = apply_filters( 'rest_user_query', $prepared_args, $request ); $query = new WP_User_Query( $prepared_args ); $users = array(); foreach ( $query->results as $user ) { $data = $this->prepare_item_for_response( $user, $request ); $users[] = $this->prepare_response_for_collection( $data ); } $response = rest_ensure_response( $users ); // Store pagination values for headers then unset for count query. $per_page = (int) $prepared_args['number']; $page = ceil( ( ( (int) $prepared_args['offset'] ) / $per_page ) + 1 ); $prepared_args['fields'] = 'ID'; $total_users = $query->get_total(); if ( $total_users < 1 ) { // Out-of-bounds, run the query again without LIMIT for total count. unset( $prepared_args['number'], $prepared_args['offset'] ); $count_query = new WP_User_Query( $prepared_args ); $total_users = $count_query->get_total(); } $response->header( 'X-WP-Total', (int) $total_users ); $max_pages = ceil( $total_users / $per_page ); $response->header( 'X-WP-TotalPages', (int) $max_pages ); $base = add_query_arg( urlencode_deep( $request->get_query_params() ), rest_url( sprintf( '%s/%s', $this->namespace, $this->rest_base ) ) ); if ( $page > 1 ) { $prev_page = $page - 1; if ( $prev_page > $max_pages ) { $prev_page = $max_pages; } $prev_link = add_query_arg( 'page', $prev_page, $base ); $response->link_header( 'prev', $prev_link ); } if ( $max_pages > $page ) { $next_page = $page + 1; $next_link = add_query_arg( 'page', $next_page, $base ); $response->link_header( 'next', $next_link ); } return $response; } /** * Get the user, if the ID is valid. * * @since 4.7.2 * * @param int $id Supplied ID. * @return WP_User|WP_Error True if ID is valid, WP_Error otherwise. */ protected function get_user( $id ) { $error = new WP_Error( 'rest_user_invalid_id', __( 'Invalid user ID.' ), array( 'status' => 404 ) ); if ( (int) $id <= 0 ) { return $error; } $user = get_userdata( (int) $id ); if ( empty( $user ) || ! $user->exists() ) { return $error; } if ( is_multisite() && ! is_user_member_of_blog( $user->ID ) ) { return $error; } return $user; } /** * Checks if a given request has access to read a user. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @param WP_REST_Request $request Full details about the request. * @return true|WP_Error True if the request has read access for the item, otherwise WP_Error object. */ public function get_item_permissions_check( $request ) { $user = $this->get_user( $request['id'] ); if ( is_wp_error( $user ) ) { return $user; } $types = get_post_types( array( 'show_in_rest' => true ), 'names' ); if ( get_current_user_id() === $user->ID ) { return true; } if ( 'edit' === $request['context'] && ! current_user_can( 'list_users' ) ) { return new WP_Error( 'rest_user_cannot_view', __( 'Sorry, you are not allowed to list users.' ), array( 'status' => rest_authorization_required_code() ) ); } elseif ( ! count_user_posts( $user->ID, $types ) && ! current_user_can( 'edit_user', $user->ID ) && ! current_user_can( 'list_users' ) ) { return new WP_Error( 'rest_user_cannot_view', __( 'Sorry, you are not allowed to list users.' ), array( 'status' => rest_authorization_required_code() ) ); } return true; } /** * Retrieves a single user. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @param WP_REST_Request $request Full details about the request. * @return WP_REST_Response|WP_Error Response object on success, or WP_Error object on failure. */ public function get_item( $request ) { $user = $this->get_user( $request['id'] ); if ( is_wp_error( $user ) ) { return $user; } $user = $this->prepare_item_for_response( $user, $request ); $response = rest_ensure_response( $user ); return $response; } /** * Retrieves the current user. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @param WP_REST_Request $request Full details about the request. * @return WP_REST_Response|WP_Error Response object on success, or WP_Error object on failure. */ public function get_current_item( $request ) { $current_user_id = get_current_user_id(); if ( empty( $current_user_id ) ) { return new WP_Error( 'rest_not_logged_in', __( 'You are not currently logged in.' ), array( 'status' => 401 ) ); } $user = wp_get_current_user(); $response = $this->prepare_item_for_response( $user, $request ); $response = rest_ensure_response( $response ); return $response; } /** * Checks if a given request has access create users. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @param WP_REST_Request $request Full details about the request. * @return true|WP_Error True if the request has access to create items, WP_Error object otherwise. */ public function create_item_permissions_check( $request ) { if ( ! current_user_can( 'create_users' ) ) { return new WP_Error( 'rest_cannot_create_user', __( 'Sorry, you are not allowed to create new users.' ), array( 'status' => rest_authorization_required_code() ) ); } return true; } /** * Creates a single user. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @param WP_REST_Request $request Full details about the request. * @return WP_REST_Response|WP_Error Response object on success, or WP_Error object on failure. */ public function create_item( $request ) { if ( ! empty( $request['id'] ) ) { return new WP_Error( 'rest_user_exists', __( 'Cannot create existing user.' ), array( 'status' => 400 ) ); } $schema = $this->get_item_schema(); if ( ! empty( $request['roles'] ) && ! empty( $schema['properties']['roles'] ) ) { $check_permission = $this->check_role_update( $request['id'], $request['roles'] ); if ( is_wp_error( $check_permission ) ) { return $check_permission; } } $user = $this->prepare_item_for_database( $request ); if ( is_multisite() ) { $ret = wpmu_validate_user_signup( $user->user_login, $user->user_email ); if ( is_wp_error( $ret['errors'] ) && $ret['errors']->has_errors() ) { $error = new WP_Error( 'rest_invalid_param', __( 'Invalid user parameter(s).' ), array( 'status' => 400 ) ); foreach ( $ret['errors']->errors as $code => $messages ) { foreach ( $messages as $message ) { $error->add( $code, $message ); } $error_data = $error->get_error_data( $code ); if ( $error_data ) { $error->add_data( $error_data, $code ); } } return $error; } } if ( is_multisite() ) { $user_id = wpmu_create_user( $user->user_login, $user->user_pass, $user->user_email ); if ( ! $user_id ) { return new WP_Error( 'rest_user_create', __( 'Error creating new user.' ), array( 'status' => 500 ) ); } $user->ID = $user_id; $user_id = wp_update_user( wp_slash( (array) $user ) ); if ( is_wp_error( $user_id ) ) { return $user_id; } $result = add_user_to_blog( get_site()->id, $user_id, '' ); if ( is_wp_error( $result ) ) { return $result; } } else { $user_id = wp_insert_user( wp_slash( (array) $user ) ); if ( is_wp_error( $user_id ) ) { return $user_id; } } $user = get_user_by( 'id', $user_id ); /** * Fires immediately after a user is created or updated via the REST API. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @param WP_User $user Inserted or updated user object. * @param WP_REST_Request $request Request object. * @param bool $creating True when creating a user, false when updating. */ do_action( 'rest_insert_user', $user, $request, true ); if ( ! empty( $request['roles'] ) && ! empty( $schema['properties']['roles'] ) ) { array_map( array( $user, 'add_role' ), $request['roles'] ); } if ( ! empty( $schema['properties']['meta'] ) && isset( $request['meta'] ) ) { $meta_update = $this->meta->update_value( $request['meta'], $user_id ); if ( is_wp_error( $meta_update ) ) { return $meta_update; } } $user = get_user_by( 'id', $user_id ); $fields_update = $this->update_additional_fields_for_object( $user, $request ); if ( is_wp_error( $fields_update ) ) { return $fields_update; } $request->set_param( 'context', 'edit' ); /** * Fires after a user is completely created or updated via the REST API. * * @since 5.0.0 * * @param WP_User $user Inserted or updated user object. * @param WP_REST_Request $request Request object. * @param bool $creating True when creating a user, false when updating. */ do_action( 'rest_after_insert_user', $user, $request, true ); $response = $this->prepare_item_for_response( $user, $request ); $response = rest_ensure_response( $response ); $response->set_status( 201 ); $response->header( 'Location', rest_url( sprintf( '%s/%s/%d', $this->namespace, $this->rest_base, $user_id ) ) ); return $response; } /** * Checks if a given request has access to update a user. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @param WP_REST_Request $request Full details about the request. * @return true|WP_Error True if the request has access to update the item, WP_Error object otherwise. */ public function update_item_permissions_check( $request ) { $user = $this->get_user( $request['id'] ); if ( is_wp_error( $user ) ) { return $user; } if ( ! empty( $request['roles'] ) ) { if ( ! current_user_can( 'promote_user', $user->ID ) ) { return new WP_Error( 'rest_cannot_edit_roles', __( 'Sorry, you are not allowed to edit roles of this user.' ), array( 'status' => rest_authorization_required_code() ) ); } $request_params = array_keys( $request->get_params() ); sort( $request_params ); /* * If only 'id' and 'roles' are specified (we are only trying to * edit roles), then only the 'promote_user' cap is required. */ if ( array( 'id', 'roles' ) === $request_params ) { return true; } } if ( ! current_user_can( 'edit_user', $user->ID ) ) { return new WP_Error( 'rest_cannot_edit', __( 'Sorry, you are not allowed to edit this user.' ), array( 'status' => rest_authorization_required_code() ) ); } return true; } /** * Updates a single user. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @param WP_REST_Request $request Full details about the request. * @return WP_REST_Response|WP_Error Response object on success, or WP_Error object on failure. */ public function update_item( $request ) { $user = $this->get_user( $request['id'] ); if ( is_wp_error( $user ) ) { return $user; } $id = $user->ID; $owner_id = false; if ( is_string( $request['email'] ) ) { $owner_id = email_exists( $request['email'] ); } if ( $owner_id && $owner_id !== $id ) { return new WP_Error( 'rest_user_invalid_email', __( 'Invalid email address.' ), array( 'status' => 400 ) ); } if ( ! empty( $request['username'] ) && $request['username'] !== $user->user_login ) { return new WP_Error( 'rest_user_invalid_argument', __( 'Username is not editable.' ), array( 'status' => 400 ) ); } if ( ! empty( $request['slug'] ) && $request['slug'] !== $user->user_nicename && get_user_by( 'slug', $request['slug'] ) ) { return new WP_Error( 'rest_user_invalid_slug', __( 'Invalid slug.' ), array( 'status' => 400 ) ); } if ( ! empty( $request['roles'] ) ) { $check_permission = $this->check_role_update( $id, $request['roles'] ); if ( is_wp_error( $check_permission ) ) { return $check_permission; } } $user = $this->prepare_item_for_database( $request ); // Ensure we're operating on the same user we already checked. $user->ID = $id; $user_id = wp_update_user( wp_slash( (array) $user ) ); if ( is_wp_error( $user_id ) ) { return $user_id; } $user = get_user_by( 'id', $user_id ); /** This action is documented in wp-includes/rest-api/endpoints/class-wp-rest-users-controller.php */ do_action( 'rest_insert_user', $user, $request, false ); if ( ! empty( $request['roles'] ) ) { array_map( array( $user, 'add_role' ), $request['roles'] ); } $schema = $this->get_item_schema(); if ( ! empty( $schema['properties']['meta'] ) && isset( $request['meta'] ) ) { $meta_update = $this->meta->update_value( $request['meta'], $id ); if ( is_wp_error( $meta_update ) ) { return $meta_update; } } $user = get_user_by( 'id', $user_id ); $fields_update = $this->update_additional_fields_for_object( $user, $request ); if ( is_wp_error( $fields_update ) ) { return $fields_update; } $request->set_param( 'context', 'edit' ); /** This action is documented in wp-includes/rest-api/endpoints/class-wp-rest-users-controller.php */ do_action( 'rest_after_insert_user', $user, $request, false ); $response = $this->prepare_item_for_response( $user, $request ); $response = rest_ensure_response( $response ); return $response; } /** * Checks if a given request has access to update the current user. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @param WP_REST_Request $request Full details about the request. * @return true|WP_Error True if the request has access to update the item, WP_Error object otherwise. */ public function update_current_item_permissions_check( $request ) { $request['id'] = get_current_user_id(); return $this->update_item_permissions_check( $request ); } /** * Updates the current user. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @param WP_REST_Request $request Full details about the request. * @return WP_REST_Response|WP_Error Response object on success, or WP_Error object on failure. */ public function update_current_item( $request ) { $request['id'] = get_current_user_id(); return $this->update_item( $request ); } /** * Checks if a given request has access delete a user. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @param WP_REST_Request $request Full details about the request. * @return true|WP_Error True if the request has access to delete the item, WP_Error object otherwise. */ public function delete_item_permissions_check( $request ) { $user = $this->get_user( $request['id'] ); if ( is_wp_error( $user ) ) { return $user; } if ( ! current_user_can( 'delete_user', $user->ID ) ) { return new WP_Error( 'rest_user_cannot_delete', __( 'Sorry, you are not allowed to delete this user.' ), array( 'status' => rest_authorization_required_code() ) ); } return true; } /** * Deletes a single user. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @param WP_REST_Request $request Full details about the request. * @return WP_REST_Response|WP_Error Response object on success, or WP_Error object on failure. */ public function delete_item( $request ) { // We don't support delete requests in multisite. if ( is_multisite() ) { return new WP_Error( 'rest_cannot_delete', __( 'The user cannot be deleted.' ), array( 'status' => 501 ) ); } $user = $this->get_user( $request['id'] ); if ( is_wp_error( $user ) ) { return $user; } $id = $user->ID; $reassign = false === $request['reassign'] ? null : absint( $request['reassign'] ); $force = isset( $request['force'] ) ? (bool) $request['force'] : false; // We don't support trashing for users. if ( ! $force ) { return new WP_Error( 'rest_trash_not_supported', /* translators: %s: force=true */ sprintf( __( "Users do not support trashing. Set '%s' to delete." ), 'force=true' ), array( 'status' => 501 ) ); } if ( ! empty( $reassign ) ) { if ( $reassign === $id || ! get_userdata( $reassign ) ) { return new WP_Error( 'rest_user_invalid_reassign', __( 'Invalid user ID for reassignment.' ), array( 'status' => 400 ) ); } } $request->set_param( 'context', 'edit' ); $previous = $this->prepare_item_for_response( $user, $request ); // Include user admin functions to get access to wp_delete_user(). require_once ABSPATH . 'wp-admin/includes/user.php'; $result = wp_delete_user( $id, $reassign ); if ( ! $result ) { return new WP_Error( 'rest_cannot_delete', __( 'The user cannot be deleted.' ), array( 'status' => 500 ) ); } $response = new WP_REST_Response(); $response->set_data( array( 'deleted' => true, 'previous' => $previous->get_data(), ) ); /** * Fires immediately after a user is deleted via the REST API. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @param WP_User $user The user data. * @param WP_REST_Response $response The response returned from the API. * @param WP_REST_Request $request The request sent to the API. */ do_action( 'rest_delete_user', $user, $response, $request ); return $response; } /** * Checks if a given request has access to delete the current user. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @param WP_REST_Request $request Full details about the request. * @return true|WP_Error True if the request has access to delete the item, WP_Error object otherwise. */ public function delete_current_item_permissions_check( $request ) { $request['id'] = get_current_user_id(); return $this->delete_item_permissions_check( $request ); } /** * Deletes the current user. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @param WP_REST_Request $request Full details about the request. * @return WP_REST_Response|WP_Error Response object on success, or WP_Error object on failure. */ public function delete_current_item( $request ) { $request['id'] = get_current_user_id(); return $this->delete_item( $request ); } /** * Prepares a single user output for response. * * @since 4.7.0 * @since 5.9.0 Renamed `$user` to `$item` to match parent class for PHP 8 named parameter support. * * @param WP_User $item User object. * @param WP_REST_Request $request Request object. * @return WP_REST_Response Response object. */ public function prepare_item_for_response( $item, $request ) { // Restores the more descriptive, specific name for use within this method. $user = $item; $fields = $this->get_fields_for_response( $request ); $data = array(); if ( in_array( 'id', $fields, true ) ) { $data['id'] = $user->ID; } if ( in_array( 'username', $fields, true ) ) { $data['username'] = $user->user_login; } if ( in_array( 'name', $fields, true ) ) { $data['name'] = $user->display_name; } if ( in_array( 'first_name', $fields, true ) ) { $data['first_name'] = $user->first_name; } if ( in_array( 'last_name', $fields, true ) ) { $data['last_name'] = $user->last_name; } if ( in_array( 'email', $fields, true ) ) { $data['email'] = $user->user_email; } if ( in_array( 'url', $fields, true ) ) { $data['url'] = $user->user_url; } if ( in_array( 'description', $fields, true ) ) { $data['description'] = $user->description; } if ( in_array( 'link', $fields, true ) ) { $data['link'] = get_author_posts_url( $user->ID, $user->user_nicename ); } if ( in_array( 'locale', $fields, true ) ) { $data['locale'] = get_user_locale( $user ); } if ( in_array( 'nickname', $fields, true ) ) { $data['nickname'] = $user->nickname; } if ( in_array( 'slug', $fields, true ) ) { $data['slug'] = $user->user_nicename; } if ( in_array( 'roles', $fields, true ) ) { // Defensively call array_values() to ensure an array is returned. $data['roles'] = array_values( $user->roles ); } if ( in_array( 'registered_date', $fields, true ) ) { $data['registered_date'] = gmdate( 'c', strtotime( $user->user_registered ) ); } if ( in_array( 'capabilities', $fields, true ) ) { $data['capabilities'] = (object) $user->allcaps; } if ( in_array( 'extra_capabilities', $fields, true ) ) { $data['extra_capabilities'] = (object) $user->caps; } if ( in_array( 'avatar_urls', $fields, true ) ) { $data['avatar_urls'] = rest_get_avatar_urls( $user ); } if ( in_array( 'meta', $fields, true ) ) { $data['meta'] = $this->meta->get_value( $user->ID, $request ); } $context = ! empty( $request['context'] ) ? $request['context'] : 'embed'; $data = $this->add_additional_fields_to_object( $data, $request ); $data = $this->filter_response_by_context( $data, $context ); // Wrap the data in a response object. $response = rest_ensure_response( $data ); if ( rest_is_field_included( '_links', $fields ) || rest_is_field_included( '_embedded', $fields ) ) { $response->add_links( $this->prepare_links( $user ) ); } /** * Filters user data returned from the REST API. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @param WP_REST_Response $response The response object. * @param WP_User $user User object used to create response. * @param WP_REST_Request $request Request object. */ return apply_filters( 'rest_prepare_user', $response, $user, $request ); } /** * Prepares links for the user request. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @param WP_User $user User object. * @return array Links for the given user. */ protected function prepare_links( $user ) { $links = array( 'self' => array( 'href' => rest_url( sprintf( '%s/%s/%d', $this->namespace, $this->rest_base, $user->ID ) ), ), 'collection' => array( 'href' => rest_url( sprintf( '%s/%s', $this->namespace, $this->rest_base ) ), ), ); return $links; } /** * Prepares a single user for creation or update. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @param WP_REST_Request $request Request object. * @return object User object. */ protected function prepare_item_for_database( $request ) { $prepared_user = new stdClass(); $schema = $this->get_item_schema(); // Required arguments. if ( isset( $request['email'] ) && ! empty( $schema['properties']['email'] ) ) { $prepared_user->user_email = $request['email']; } if ( isset( $request['username'] ) && ! empty( $schema['properties']['username'] ) ) { $prepared_user->user_login = $request['username']; } if ( isset( $request['password'] ) && ! empty( $schema['properties']['password'] ) ) { $prepared_user->user_pass = $request['password']; } // Optional arguments. if ( isset( $request['id'] ) ) { $prepared_user->ID = absint( $request['id'] ); } if ( isset( $request['name'] ) && ! empty( $schema['properties']['name'] ) ) { $prepared_user->display_name = $request['name']; } if ( isset( $request['first_name'] ) && ! empty( $schema['properties']['first_name'] ) ) { $prepared_user->first_name = $request['first_name']; } if ( isset( $request['last_name'] ) && ! empty( $schema['properties']['last_name'] ) ) { $prepared_user->last_name = $request['last_name']; } if ( isset( $request['nickname'] ) && ! empty( $schema['properties']['nickname'] ) ) { $prepared_user->nickname = $request['nickname']; } if ( isset( $request['slug'] ) && ! empty( $schema['properties']['slug'] ) ) { $prepared_user->user_nicename = $request['slug']; } if ( isset( $request['description'] ) && ! empty( $schema['properties']['description'] ) ) { $prepared_user->description = $request['description']; } if ( isset( $request['url'] ) && ! empty( $schema['properties']['url'] ) ) { $prepared_user->user_url = $request['url']; } if ( isset( $request['locale'] ) && ! empty( $schema['properties']['locale'] ) ) { $prepared_user->locale = $request['locale']; } // Setting roles will be handled outside of this function. if ( isset( $request['roles'] ) ) { $prepared_user->role = false; } /** * Filters user data before insertion via the REST API. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @param object $prepared_user User object. * @param WP_REST_Request $request Request object. */ return apply_filters( 'rest_pre_insert_user', $prepared_user, $request ); } /** * Determines if the current user is allowed to make the desired roles change. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @global WP_Roles $wp_roles WordPress role management object. * * @param int $user_id User ID. * @param array $roles New user roles. * @return true|WP_Error True if the current user is allowed to make the role change, * otherwise a WP_Error object. */ protected function check_role_update( $user_id, $roles ) { global $wp_roles; foreach ( $roles as $role ) { if ( ! isset( $wp_roles->role_objects[ $role ] ) ) { return new WP_Error( 'rest_user_invalid_role', /* translators: %s: Role key. */ sprintf( __( 'The role %s does not exist.' ), $role ), array( 'status' => 400 ) ); } $potential_role = $wp_roles->role_objects[ $role ]; /* * Don't let anyone with 'edit_users' (admins) edit their own role to something without it. * Multisite super admins can freely edit their blog roles -- they possess all caps. */ if ( ! ( is_multisite() && current_user_can( 'manage_sites' ) ) && get_current_user_id() === $user_id && ! $potential_role->has_cap( 'edit_users' ) ) { return new WP_Error( 'rest_user_invalid_role', __( 'Sorry, you are not allowed to give users that role.' ), array( 'status' => rest_authorization_required_code() ) ); } // Include user admin functions to get access to get_editable_roles(). require_once ABSPATH . 'wp-admin/includes/user.php'; // The new role must be editable by the logged-in user. $editable_roles = get_editable_roles(); if ( empty( $editable_roles[ $role ] ) ) { return new WP_Error( 'rest_user_invalid_role', __( 'Sorry, you are not allowed to give users that role.' ), array( 'status' => 403 ) ); } } return true; } /** * Check a username for the REST API. * * Performs a couple of checks like edit_user() in wp-admin/includes/user.php. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @param string $value The username submitted in the request. * @param WP_REST_Request $request Full details about the request. * @param string $param The parameter name. * @return string|WP_Error The sanitized username, if valid, otherwise an error. */ public function check_username( $value, $request, $param ) { $username = (string) $value; if ( ! validate_username( $username ) ) { return new WP_Error( 'rest_user_invalid_username', __( 'This username is invalid because it uses illegal characters. Please enter a valid username.' ), array( 'status' => 400 ) ); } /** This filter is documented in wp-includes/user.php */ $illegal_logins = (array) apply_filters( 'illegal_user_logins', array() ); if ( in_array( strtolower( $username ), array_map( 'strtolower', $illegal_logins ), true ) ) { return new WP_Error( 'rest_user_invalid_username', __( 'Sorry, that username is not allowed.' ), array( 'status' => 400 ) ); } return $username; } /** * Check a user password for the REST API. * * Performs a couple of checks like edit_user() in wp-admin/includes/user.php. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @param string $value The password submitted in the request. * @param WP_REST_Request $request Full details about the request. * @param string $param The parameter name. * @return string|WP_Error The sanitized password, if valid, otherwise an error. */ public function check_user_password( $value, $request, $param ) { $password = (string) $value; if ( empty( $password ) ) { return new WP_Error( 'rest_user_invalid_password', __( 'Passwords cannot be empty.' ), array( 'status' => 400 ) ); } if ( str_contains( $password, '\\' ) ) { return new WP_Error( 'rest_user_invalid_password', sprintf( /* translators: %s: The '\' character. */ __( 'Passwords cannot contain the "%s" character.' ), '\\' ), array( 'status' => 400 ) ); } return $password; } /** * Retrieves the user's schema, conforming to JSON Schema. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @return array Item schema data. */ public function get_item_schema() { if ( $this->schema ) { return $this->add_additional_fields_schema( $this->schema ); } $schema = array( '$schema' => 'http://json-schema.org/draft-04/schema#', 'title' => 'user', 'type' => 'object', 'properties' => array( 'id' => array( 'description' => __( 'Unique identifier for the user.' ), 'type' => 'integer', 'context' => array( 'embed', 'view', 'edit' ), 'readonly' => true, ), 'username' => array( 'description' => __( 'Login name for the user.' ), 'type' => 'string', 'context' => array( 'edit' ), 'required' => true, 'arg_options' => array( 'sanitize_callback' => array( $this, 'check_username' ), ), ), 'name' => array( 'description' => __( 'Display name for the user.' ), 'type' => 'string', 'context' => array( 'embed', 'view', 'edit' ), 'arg_options' => array( 'sanitize_callback' => 'sanitize_text_field', ), ), 'first_name' => array( 'description' => __( 'First name for the user.' ), 'type' => 'string', 'context' => array( 'edit' ), 'arg_options' => array( 'sanitize_callback' => 'sanitize_text_field', ), ), 'last_name' => array( 'description' => __( 'Last name for the user.' ), 'type' => 'string', 'context' => array( 'edit' ), 'arg_options' => array( 'sanitize_callback' => 'sanitize_text_field', ), ), 'email' => array( 'description' => __( 'The email address for the user.' ), 'type' => 'string', 'format' => 'email', 'context' => array( 'edit' ), 'required' => true, ), 'url' => array( 'description' => __( 'URL of the user.' ), 'type' => 'string', 'format' => 'uri', 'context' => array( 'embed', 'view', 'edit' ), ), 'description' => array( 'description' => __( 'Description of the user.' ), 'type' => 'string', 'context' => array( 'embed', 'view', 'edit' ), ), 'link' => array( 'description' => __( 'Author URL of the user.' ), 'type' => 'string', 'format' => 'uri', 'context' => array( 'embed', 'view', 'edit' ), 'readonly' => true, ), 'locale' => array( 'description' => __( 'Locale for the user.' ), 'type' => 'string', 'enum' => array_merge( array( '', 'en_US' ), get_available_languages() ), 'context' => array( 'edit' ), ), 'nickname' => array( 'description' => __( 'The nickname for the user.' ), 'type' => 'string', 'context' => array( 'edit' ), 'arg_options' => array( 'sanitize_callback' => 'sanitize_text_field', ), ), 'slug' => array( 'description' => __( 'An alphanumeric identifier for the user.' ), 'type' => 'string', 'context' => array( 'embed', 'view', 'edit' ), 'arg_options' => array( 'sanitize_callback' => array( $this, 'sanitize_slug' ), ), ), 'registered_date' => array( 'description' => __( 'Registration date for the user.' ), 'type' => 'string', 'format' => 'date-time', 'context' => array( 'edit' ), 'readonly' => true, ), 'roles' => array( 'description' => __( 'Roles assigned to the user.' ), 'type' => 'array', 'items' => array( 'type' => 'string', ), 'context' => array( 'edit' ), ), 'password' => array( 'description' => __( 'Password for the user (never included).' ), 'type' => 'string', 'context' => array(), // Password is never displayed. 'required' => true, 'arg_options' => array( 'sanitize_callback' => array( $this, 'check_user_password' ), ), ), 'capabilities' => array( 'description' => __( 'All capabilities assigned to the user.' ), 'type' => 'object', 'context' => array( 'edit' ), 'readonly' => true, ), 'extra_capabilities' => array( 'description' => __( 'Any extra capabilities assigned to the user.' ), 'type' => 'object', 'context' => array( 'edit' ), 'readonly' => true, ), ), ); if ( get_option( 'show_avatars' ) ) { $avatar_properties = array(); $avatar_sizes = rest_get_avatar_sizes(); foreach ( $avatar_sizes as $size ) { $avatar_properties[ $size ] = array( /* translators: %d: Avatar image size in pixels. */ 'description' => sprintf( __( 'Avatar URL with image size of %d pixels.' ), $size ), 'type' => 'string', 'format' => 'uri', 'context' => array( 'embed', 'view', 'edit' ), ); } $schema['properties']['avatar_urls'] = array( 'description' => __( 'Avatar URLs for the user.' ), 'type' => 'object', 'context' => array( 'embed', 'view', 'edit' ), 'readonly' => true, 'properties' => $avatar_properties, ); } $schema['properties']['meta'] = $this->meta->get_field_schema(); $this->schema = $schema; return $this->add_additional_fields_schema( $this->schema ); } /** * Retrieves the query params for collections. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @return array Collection parameters. */ public function get_collection_params() { $query_params = parent::get_collection_params(); $query_params['context']['default'] = 'view'; $query_params['exclude'] = array( 'description' => __( 'Ensure result set excludes specific IDs.' ), 'type' => 'array', 'items' => array( 'type' => 'integer', ), 'default' => array(), ); $query_params['include'] = array( 'description' => __( 'Limit result set to specific IDs.' ), 'type' => 'array', 'items' => array( 'type' => 'integer', ), 'default' => array(), ); $query_params['offset'] = array( 'description' => __( 'Offset the result set by a specific number of items.' ), 'type' => 'integer', ); $query_params['order'] = array( 'default' => 'asc', 'description' => __( 'Order sort attribute ascending or descending.' ), 'enum' => array( 'asc', 'desc' ), 'type' => 'string', ); $query_params['orderby'] = array( 'default' => 'name', 'description' => __( 'Sort collection by user attribute.' ), 'enum' => array( 'id', 'include', 'name', 'registered_date', 'slug', 'include_slugs', 'email', 'url', ), 'type' => 'string', ); $query_params['slug'] = array( 'description' => __( 'Limit result set to users with one or more specific slugs.' ), 'type' => 'array', 'items' => array( 'type' => 'string', ), ); $query_params['roles'] = array( 'description' => __( 'Limit result set to users matching at least one specific role provided. Accepts csv list or single role.' ), 'type' => 'array', 'items' => array( 'type' => 'string', ), ); $query_params['capabilities'] = array( 'description' => __( 'Limit result set to users matching at least one specific capability provided. Accepts csv list or single capability.' ), 'type' => 'array', 'items' => array( 'type' => 'string', ), ); $query_params['who'] = array( 'description' => __( 'Limit result set to users who are considered authors.' ), 'type' => 'string', 'enum' => array( 'authors', ), ); $query_params['has_published_posts'] = array( 'description' => __( 'Limit result set to users who have published posts.' ), 'type' => array( 'boolean', 'array' ), 'items' => array( 'type' => 'string', 'enum' => get_post_types( array( 'show_in_rest' => true ), 'names' ), ), ); /** * Filters REST API collection parameters for the users controller. * * This filter registers the collection parameter, but does not map the * collection parameter to an internal WP_User_Query parameter. Use the * `rest_user_query` filter to set WP_User_Query arguments. * * @since 4.7.0 * * @param array $query_params JSON Schema-formatted collection parameters. */ return apply_filters( 'rest_user_collection_params', $query_params ); } } The leading five bridal customs in Europe – Morocco Guided Tours

The leading five bridal customs in Europe

Many of us associate a traditional ceremony with champagne, flowers, and light outfits. However, despite the fact https://books.google.fr/books?id=TuArBgAAQBAJ&pg=PA88&lpg=PA88&dq=love&source=bl&ots=ll2npmrRT5&sig=ACfU3U3vCJkXvk4c5DnMwUNQPPwsrw8e6A&hl=en that each of these components of bridal ceremonies is amazingly well-liked, there are many distinctive European bride customs that have spread to various nations and cultures.

We’ve gathered some of our favorite Western bridal customs eurobridefinder.com/hot-french-women/ to help you add some extra charm and flair to your special day, including cultural favors and mysterious rituals.

The marital bouquet

It’s common knowledge that a bride carrying her bouquet down the aisle is customary at weddings, but did you know that it was originally done to cover up the brides odor? It was thought that the aroma of scented blossoms would ward off bad omens.

In Africa, wives are frequently given symbolic material that matches asoebi and is worn by the woman’s family and close friends. This is a lovely and enjoyable way to support and exhibit the wedding and her new husband your adore.

Marriage bands serve as a representation of unwavering commitment and enjoy. Weddings used to change them with their fiancés to signify their marriage in the past. Fortunately for contemporary lovers, this is no longer a requirement and can be done in any way that makes the most sense to the newlyweds.

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The French love liquor, so it should come as no surprise that they have a number of wedding customs that include liquor. Customers frequently follow the newlyweds around the wedding reception and create sounds that are thought to be great luck. Additionally, they give the few a car de bride, or glass of wine, so they can toast it later in life.

Greeks does host a krevati, or “bed,” three nights prior to the wedding, where their friends and family may place children and cash on the base in hopes of wealth and reproduction. As a memento of their marriage and happiness, the couple will then keep this base design in their apartment.

Europeans are a boisterous group as well! In a tradition known as Polterabend, they will bust stresses of enamel outside their houses the night before the wedding. This is said to be good luck for the couple’s relationship and likely enable them to get through any difficult times together.

Following the service, the couple will enjoy and participate in Baumstamm Aussern, a fun and exciting German custom. This demonstrates to the handful their ability to collaborate and triumph over obstacles.

Although many of us does consider that these bride customs from Europe are a little out of the ordinary, they actually have an explanation. You, your community, and your attendees you think more intimate and personal at your bride by including these small extras. Additionally, laughing is generally a good thing! Therefore, take the opportunity and consider these bridal customs the next time you get the opportunity. You wo n’t regret it, we’re positive of it!