One of the top places that you shouldn’t miss in the world, Marrakech .. the city of “seven men”. as the locals call it, history and beauty with stunning weather all year:
Marrakech is the tourist front of Morocco, and its capital is during the rule of the Almoravids and Almohads, and it is called the red city in relation to the predominant colour on its buildings, and it is described as a city of joy, where the cheerful spirit and the tendency to joke are not hidden by its people.
Europeans describe it as the enchanting city of nature and healthy climate. Which made thousands of them choose to settle in, and they have international personalities and big names in the world of politics, art and sports.
Marrakech is located in the south of Morocco at the foothills of the Atlantic Mountains, thirty kilometres from it, 450 meters above sea level, 327 km from the capital Rabat, it is characterized by a semi-dry climate, mild, humid winters and hot dry summers.
The area of the city is estimated at about 230 square kilometres, and it has been described as “the red, spacious, and delicate city, between the free, hot, shady, snow and palm trees.”
Marrakech is classified as the third-largest city in Morocco in terms of population, with a population of more than one million, out of the total population of the country, according to official estimates, most of them work in the services sector, modern and traditional industry, free business and public jobs.
The founding of Marrakesh dates back to the time of the Almoravids, and accounts differ on the interpretation of the name; Some see Marrakesh as an Amazigh word meaning “pass by quickly”, and others see “ach” as the name of an ancient god.There are those who see that the name “Marrakesh” refers to the Berber word “Amor n Akoush”, and it is pronounced by Amazigh Amorak, meaning the country of God or the land of God, and it is a sign that has a global dimension, and belonging to all humanity.The name of Marrakesh was given to all of Morocco in the past since it was established as the capital of the Almoravids until the era of the French occupation in the modern era, and this name is still used in all languages, such as Persian (Marrakech), Spanish (Marwikos) and English (Morocco).
Historical sources say that the construction of the first nucleus of Marrakech was in the year 1070 by a group of Berber tribes who came from the desert and chose its location because of its proximity to the Latuna desert and the mountains of Masamda. It is described as the red city, as most of its houses are painted red, and it becomes more beautiful and bright as the sunset lights reflect on their homes.
Marrakech is also known as the “city of seven men”, and researchers attribute this to a group of leading scholars and Sufis who lived in the city and played a major role in spreading political, intellectual and educational awareness among its residents, and they are respectively: Youssef bin Ali Al-Sunhaji, Ayyad bin Musa Al-Dhabi, and Abu Al-Abbas Al-Sabti, Muhammad Bin Sulaiman Al-Jazouli, Abdul Aziz Al-Tabaa, Muhammad Bin Ajal Al-Ghazwani, and Abdul Rahman Al-Dhir. The city witnessed a great urban and organizational prosperity during the reign of Sultan Yusuf bin Tashfin (1061-1107) and became the capital and political and cultural center of the Almoravid state and the entire Islamic West.
Al-Hameeri described it in his book Al-Rawd Al-Mu’tar in Al-Akhbar Al-Uqarat as being the largest “Far Maghreb city, its trade increased and people competed in building in it and built hotels and bathrooms in it, and there is a great architecture in Caesarea, which is the most country in Morocco, gardens, orchards and fruits, and more olive trees.”
After the year 1147, the Almohads State contributed to the development of the city after it had taken it as a capital, and left landmarks still standing there, and all the Marinids who came after them – although they did not take it as capital – and the Sa`dis, made the walls of the bracelets and buildings be painted in brick and clay closest to the Hamra in line with the title The Red City. Under the rule of the Alevis, it received attention during the days of Sultan Sidi Muhammad, and it was built with many neighbourhoods and monuments, and a number of its mosques, walls, and landmarks were restored.
The city of Marrakesh is full of historical and cultural monuments witnessing to ancient history, including the walls of Marrakesh, which are estimated to be about nine kilometres in length, and it has gates, the most prominent of which are the port of Aknaou and Doukkala.
It contains the Almoravid dome, and it is a living witness that highlights the beauty of the Almoravid architecture, and it carries art reliefs with arches and shapes that resemble a seven-pointed star.
Some ancient historians and geographers consider the magnificent palace in Marrakech to be one of the wonders of the world, as it contains four gardens, motifs, marble, crowns, and columns covered with gold leaf and multicoloured zellij.
Among the city’s famous landmarks are the Koutoubia Mosque, the Ibn Yusef School, and the Jemaa El-Fna Square, to which pilgrims from inside and outside Morocco visit, and in 1997 UNESCO considered it a human oral tradition. The “Palm Capital” has many other historical monuments and monuments, among them the “Majorelle Gardens” that contain rare plants and flowers from the five continents, and the “Menara Gardens” which are surrounded by the Great Manara Reservoir.